A lot of rationalisations will be made to justify this price movement, as well as rationalisations to reject it. The most common arguments are:
1. Low mine output - annual mine production is just a small fraction of the amount of gold in existence. Ultimately it is only speculative demand which drives gold prices, relative to supply of course.
2. War in Iran - Really it is only the uncertainty over monetary unit values which drives the demand for gold. The prospect of war in Iran is only significant if financing war is considered to be a significant cost on society.
3. Interest rates - The low return on bonds and equities is a compelling reason to hold gold; and this is the state of the current market.
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